Dietary intake assessment - Outcomes of interest


Method

Outcome
Lab Method
-Energy
-Biometry
Direct Observ-
ation
Question-
naire
Weighed Food Record Food Diary 24hr Recall FFQ Diet History Diet Checklist
Energy
intake
     Yes      Yes            Yes    Yes      Yes     ?      Yes      
Food & beverage intake                                            
Foods/
food groups
           Yes      Yes      Yes    Yes      Yes    Yes      Yes      Yes
Dietary patterns            Yes      Yes      Yes    Yes      Yes    Yes        Yes      Yes
Nutrient intake                                            
Macronutrient     Yes      Yes            Yes    Yes      Yes    Yes       Yes      Yes
Micronutrient     Yes      Yes            Yes    Yes      Yes    Yes        Yes      Yes
Individual influences                                            
Food/eating
behaviours
           Yes      Yes                      ?      ?      ?
Nutrition
knowledge/
beliefs/
attitudes
           Yes      Yes                        ?      ?      ?
Nutrition
practices/
skills (eg
parent feeding
practices, food purchasing)
           Yes      Yes                                    
Social determinants of dietary intake            Yes      Yes                                   
Environmental influences                                          
Food
availability
           Yes      Yes                                   
Food
security
                 Yes                                   
Marketing            Yes      Yes                                   
  • Lab = Laboratory
  • FFQ = Food Frequency Questionnaire
  • ? = 'maybe'